Rostov-on-Don

Russia

   The town was founded by Empress Elisabeth (Elizaveta Petrovna) on 15th of December, 1749. 

In former days,

customs were at the mouth of the Temernik River under the decree of the Peter

the Great`s daughter, the Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth). Later the customs house

was protected by a military fortress named afer aint Dmitriy Rostovskiy,

founded in 1761 etlements, which appeared around the fortress, were called

Rostov-on-Don in 1807 by the decree of the Emperor Alexander I.

 It is located in the South of Russia, on the bank of the river Don, on a distance of 46 kilometers from its confluence to the Sea of Azov, and on a distance of 1092 kilometers to the South from Moscow.

The favorable geographical positon promoted the economic development of

Rostov. Due to this fact the trading port was formed, acceptng watercrafs of

Russian, Greek, Italian, Turkish, Armenian and Persian merchants. That`s why

Rostov-on-Don was called “The Gate of the Caucasus”.

Nowadays Rostov-on-Don is a modern and very important trading and transport

gateway with its strategic port and that`s why it has been called the town of

contrast architecture.

The main square of the city is Theatre quare. The Drama Theatre facing this

square was built in 1930 in the style of constructvism and it has the form of a

tractor. Another large street of Rostov is Pushkinskaya treet, named afer the

great Russian poet A. . Pushkin, whose monument you can see just in the centre

of the street.

One of the wonderful places for rest is the Quay. Here you can see many

sculptural compositons, showing the heroes out of books of the great Russian

writer, Nobel-prize winner M. holokhov.

 

Many tourists may notce that the Rostov women are beautful. Their beauty inspired sculptors to create

the monument “ Rostovchanka", devoted to all the Rostov women. Another place of interest, well-

known all over Russia is the Rostov's special area for leisure and rest on the lef bank of the river Don.

Here you can fnd many night clubs, restaurants, cafes, casinos, special places where you can taste

typical Don cuisine and shashlyc, small pieces of meat specially prepared in the open air. The guests of

Rostov will admire tasty food, beautful interiors and a wide choice of entertainment.

The river Don was called the Amazon River in ancient tmes because of the fact that on its banks tribes

of brave women-warriors lived. In the Don steppes archaeologists found many ancient burial places. The

ancient Greek called the river Don “Tanais”.

The Rostov regional museum belongs to the largest museums of the outh of Russia. The world fame of

the museum is based on the unique archaeological collecton, including gold and silver items, such as

weapons, harnesses, wine bowls and decoratons, representng the culture of the natons, which

populated the Don region in ancient tme ( cythians, armat, avromat tribes).

 

The Rostov regional museum of Fine Arts is keeping a collecton of more than 6000 works from diferent

countries, including paintngs of Russian, Dutch, Flemish and Italian masters.

If You should like to see the ancient treasures of Don land, to understand the lively temperament and

the glorious historical path of the Don Cossasks, to walk on the romantc Pushkin street and if you

should wish to taste the delicious Cossack dishes and to listen to fascinatng Cossack songs-You are

welcome to Rostov, the city on the quiet river Don!

 

Population of Rostov-on-Don is 1114 806 people (data in 2015), it is tenth town of Russia.  Moreover, Rostov-on-Don is on a 30-th position in Europe in terms of population.

Did you know:

  • why Rostov-on-Don used to be called "Rostov the Father"?

The fact is that at the beginning of  20th century  two capitals of thieves were formed: the city of Odessa and the city of Rostov-on-Don.

Odessa was considered the center of culture and Commerce in the South of the Russian Empire. There was a duty free zone. Merchants and traders called the city "a mother".

So Citizens of Odessa also began to call it “a mother”. But in the areas of well-developed trade, the theft very often appears. Here in Odessa there were a lot of thieves. Frequently they hid from the police in the nearest big city Rostov-on-Don. The town hid them like a father. Therefore, the proverb appeared "Odessa is a mother, Rostov is a Father!"

 

Features of national life: Cossacks, merchants.

National cuisine: ukha (fish-soup), borsh (cabbage-soup), sunflower seeds, wine, halva.

Famous people who lived here: Anton Chekhov, Mikhail Sholokhov, Sabina Spielrein, Alexander Solzhenitsyn.

Rostov-on-Don is the capital of the region. The city was founded in 1749 on the right hilly bank of the river Don, on the crossroads of sea and land. In former days, customs were at the mouth of the Temernik River under the decree of the Peter the Great`s daughter, the Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth). Later the customs house was protected by a military fortress named after Saint Dmitriy Rostovskiy, founded in 1761. Settlements, which appeared around the fortress, were called Rostov-on-Don in 1807 by the decree of the Emperor Alexander I.

The favorable geographical position promoted the economic development of Rostov. Due to this fact the trading port was formed, accepting watercrafts of Russian, Greek, Italian, Turkish, Armenian and Persian merchants. That`s why Rostov-on-Don was called “The Gate of the Caucasus”.

Nowadays Rostov-on-Don is a modern and very important trading and transport  gateway with its strategic port and that`s why it has been called the town of contrast architecture.

The main square of the city is Theatre Square. The Drama Theatre facing this square was  built in 1930 in the style of constructivism and it has the form of a tractor. Another large street of Rostov is Pushkinskaya Street, named after the great Russian poet A.S. Pushkin, whose monument you can see just in the centre of the street.

 One of the wonderful places for rest is the Quay. Here you can see many sculptural compositions, showing the heroes out of books of the great Russian writer, Nobel-prize winner M. Sholokhov.

Many tourists may notice that the Rostov women are beautiful. Their beauty inspired sculptors to create the monument “ Rostovchanka", devoted to all the Rostov women. Another place of interest, well-known all over Russia is the Rostov's special area for leisure and rest on the left bank of the river Don. Here you can find many night clubs, restaurants, cafes, casinos, special places where you can taste typical Don cuisine and shashlyc, small pieces of meat specially prepared in the open air. The guests of Rostov will admire tasty food, beautiful interiors and a wide choice of entertainment.

The river Don was called the Amazon River in ancient times because of the fact that on its banks tribes of brave women-warriors lived. In the Don steppes archaeologists found many ancient burial places. The ancient Greek called the river Don “Tanais”.

 

The Rostov regional museum belongs to the largest museums of the South of Russia. The world fame of the museum is based on the unique archaeological collection, including gold and silver items, such as weapons, harnesses, wine bowls and decorations, representing the culture of the nations, which populated the Don region in ancient time (Scythians, Sarmat, Savromat tribes).

The Rostov regional museum of Fine Arts is keeping a collection of more than 6000 works from different countries, including paintings of Russian, Dutch, Flemish and Italian masters.

If You should like to see the ancient treasures of Don land, to understand the lively temperament and the glorious historical path of the Don Cossasks, to walk on the romantic Pushkin street and if you should wish to taste the delicious Cossack dishes and to listen to fascinating Cossack songs-You are welcome to Rostov, the city on the quiet river Don!

 

 
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